Unschooling In Home Schooling
Unschooling in homeschooling is also called natural learning or individual self-education.
Unschooling is perhaps the most unstructured style of home schooling. When engaging in unschooling education,
parents act as "facilitators" and guide their children through a wide-range of resources for learning, but do not
have rigid structure for this process.
Those who support this type of homeschooling called unschooling, have a variety of reasons to support their
position. A common belief underlying their reasoning is that curiosity is innate and that children want to learn
what is necessary to become an adult. Some argue that institutionalizing a child in what they consider a factory
model public school, or any form of compulsory schooling, is an damaging waste of a child's time and energy.
Supporters also contend that mandatory public education is made to be "one size fits all" and is oppressive in
that it forces a child to learn in one rote fashion regardless of his or her interests or learning style. They also
say that individualized, child-led learning is more efficient use of a child's time, takes advantage of a child's
interests, and allows learning and deeper exploration of more subjects than what is possible in formal, traditional
In unschooling, the subject matter is less important than the child learning 'how' to learn. Developing the
ability to learn on one's own makes it more likely that later in their adult life, he or she can return to any
subject that they need or want to know more about, and continue to learn the material.
Some schools, such as the Sudbury Valley School, use a model similar to unschooling, called the child-led
learning approach. A similar model is also used in higher education as a free school or open learning approach,
such as at Bastiat Free University. In schools such as these there is no set curriculum and no strongly structured
boundaries. Many parents feel a bit apprehensive about such freedom. But, even unschooling has certain guidelines
that can make it a great method of home schooling if the parents are invested enough to provide clear guidance.
In this method of learning you first encourage your child to express their interests. Let them select the topics
they would like to learn about. If he/she wants to learn about flowers, tell them about the various flowers, their
functions and parts, using coloring books, pictures, etc. Allow them the freedom to stop when they have had enough.
This process of learning may take a month or a day. It is up to the child (with parental guidance) to decide how
much they wish to learn about any given subject.
Expand your child's areas of interests using videos, books, magazines, puzzles and games. Go to a museums and
libraries and be willing to broaden your own interests as well. The more you know, the more the child is likely to
There are many opportunities for learning while unschooling in homeschooling. When in the kitchen you can point
out the vitamins in fruits and vegetables. What makes tomatoes red, and why leafy vegetables good for you. If you
don't know the answers to the questions your child asks, don't worry. Look it up. Lastly, don't be concerned if the
going seems slow. This is often the way children learn. Give them time and lots of encouragement and eventually you
will see results.